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\documentclass{ws-ijmpb}
\begin{document}
\markboth{Authors' Names}
{Instructions for Typing Manuscripts (Paper's Title)}
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\title{INSTRUCTIONS FOR TYPESETTING MANUSCRIPTS\\
USING COMPUTER SOFTWARE\footnote{For the
title, try not to use more than 3 lines.
Typeset the title in 10~pt Times roman, uppercase and boldface.} }
\author{FIRST AUTHOR\footnote{Typeset names in
8~pt roman, uppercase. Use the footnote to indicate the
present or permanent address of the author.}}
\address{University Department, University Name, Address\\
City, State ZIP/Zone,
Country\footnote{State completely without abbreviations, the
affiliation and mailing address, including country. Typeset in
8~pt Times italic.}\\
first\_author@university.edu}
\author{SECOND AUTHOR}
\address{Group, Laboratory, Address\\
City, State ZIP/Zone, Country\\
second\_author@group.com}
\maketitle
\begin{history}
\received{Day Month Year}
\revised{Day Month Year}
%\accepted{(Day Month Year)}
%\comby{(xxxxxxxxxx)}
\end{history}
\begin{abstract}
The abstract should summarize the context, content
and conclusions of the paper in less than 200 words. It should
not contain any references or displayed equations. Typeset the
abstract in 8 pt Times roman with baselineskip of 10~pt, making
an indentation of 1.5 pica on the left and right margins.
\end{abstract}
\keywords{Keyword1; keyword2; keyword3.}
\section{General Appearance} %) A SECTION HEADING
Contributions to the {\it International Journal of Modern Physics B}
will be reproduced by photographing the author's submitted typeset
manuscript. It is therefore essential that the manuscript be in its
final form, and of good appearance because it will be printed directly
without any editing. The manuscript should also be clean and
unfolded. The copy should be evenly printed on a high resolution
printer (600 dots/inch or higher). If typographical errors cannot be
avoided, use cut and paste methods to correct them. Smudged copy,
pencil or ink text corrections will not be accepted. Do not use
cellophane or transparent tape on the surface as this interferes with
the picture taken by the publisher's camera.
\section{The Main Text}
Contributions are to be in English. Authors are encouraged to
have their contribution checked for grammar. American spelling
should be used. Abbreviations are allowed but should be spelt
out in full when first used. Integers ten and below are to be
spelt out. Italicize foreign language phrases (e.g.~Latin,
French).
The text is to be typeset in 10 pt Times roman, single spaced
with baselineskip of 13 pt. Text area (excluding running title)
is 5 inches (30 picas) across and 7.8 inches (47 picas) deep.
Final pagination and insertion of running titles will be done by
the publisher. Number each page of the manuscript lightly at the
bottom with a blue pencil. Reading copies of the paper can be
numbered using any legible means (typewritten or handwritten).
\section{Major Headings}
Major headings should be typeset in boldface with the first
letter of important words capitalized.
\subsection{Sub-headings}
Sub-headings should be typeset in boldface italic and capitalize
the first letter of the first word only. Section number to be in
boldface roman.
\subsubsection{Sub-subheadings}
Typeset sub-subheadings in medium face italic and capitalize the
first letter of the first word only. Section numbers to be in
roman.
\subsection{Numbering and spacing}
Sections, sub-sections and sub-subsections are numbered in
Arabic. Use double spacing before all section headings, and
single spacing after section headings. Flush left all paragraphs
that follow after section headings.
\subsection{Lists of items}
Lists may be laid out with each item marked by a dot:
\begin{itemlist}
\item item one,
\item item two.
\end{itemlist}
Items may also be numbered in lowercase roman numerals:
\begin{romanlist}[(ii)]
\item item one
\item item two
\begin{romanlist}[(b)]
\item Lists within lists can be numbered with lowercase roman letters,
\item second item.
\end{romanlist}
\end{romanlist}
\section{Equations}
Displayed equations should be numbered consecutively in each section,
with the number set flush right and enclosed in parentheses
\begin{equation}
\mu(n, t) = {\sum^\infty_{i=1} 1(d_i < t, N(d_i) = n) \over
\int^t_{\sigma=0} 1(N(\sigma) = n)d\sigma}\,. \label{this}
\end{equation}
Equations should be referred to in abbreviated form,
e.g.~``Eq.~(\ref{this})'' or ``(2)''. In multiple-line
equations, the number should be given on the last line.
Displayed equations are to be centered on the page width.
Standard English letters like x are to appear as $x$
(italicized) in the text if they are used as mathematical
symbols. Punctuation marks are used at the end of equations as
if they appeared directly in the text.
\begin{theorem}
Theorems, lemmas, etc. are to be numbered
consecutively in the paper. Use double spacing before and after
theorems, lemmas, etc.
\end{theorem}
\begin{proof}
Proofs should end with
\end{proof}
\section{Illustrations and Photographs}
Figures are to be inserted in the text nearest their first
reference. Original india ink drawings of glossy prints are
preferred. Please send one set of originals with copies. If the
author requires the publisher to reduce the figures, ensure that
the figures (including letterings and numbers) are large enough
to be clearly seen after reduction. If photographs are to be
used, only black and white ones are acceptable.
\begin{figure}[th]
\centerline{\psfig{file=ijmpbf1.eps,width=5cm}}
\vspace*{8pt}
\caption{A schematic illustration of dissociative recombination. The
direct mechanism, 4m$^2_\pi$ is initiated when the
molecular ion S$_{\rm L}$ captures an electron with kinetic energy.}
\end{figure}
Figures are to be sequentially numbered in Arabic numerals. The
caption must be placed below the figure. Typeset in 8 pt Times
roman with baselineskip of 10~pt. Use double spacing between a
caption and the text that follows immediately.
Previously published material must be accompanied by written
permission from the author and publisher.
\section{Tables}
Tables should be inserted in the text as close to the point of
reference as possible. Some space should be left above and below
the table.
Tables should be numbered sequentially in the text in Arabic
numerals. Captions are to be centralized above the tables.
Typeset tables and captions in 8 pt Times roman with
baselineskip of 10 pt.
\begin{table}[h]
\tbl{Comparison of acoustic for frequencies for
piston-cylinder problem.}
{\begin{tabular}{@{}cccc@{}} \toprule
Piston mass & Analytical frequency & TRIA6-$S_1$ model &
\% Error \\
& (Rad/s) & (Rad/s) \\ \colrule
1.0\hphantom{00} & \hphantom{0}281.0 & \hphantom{0}280.81 & 0.07 \\
0.1\hphantom{00} & \hphantom{0}876.0 & \hphantom{0}875.74 & 0.03 \\
0.01\hphantom{0} & 2441.0 & 2441.0\hphantom{0} & 0.0\hphantom{0} \\
0.001 & 4130.0 & 4129.3\hphantom{0} & 0.16\\ \botrule
\end{tabular}}
\end{table}
If tables need to extend over to a second page, the continuation of
the table should be preceded by a caption, e.g.~``{\it Table~2.}
$(${\it Continued}$)$''
\section{References}
References in the text are to be numbered consecutively in Arabic
numerals, in the order of first appearance. They are to be typed in
superscripts after punctuation marks, e.g.
(1) $ \qquad $ ``$\ldots$ in the statement.\cite{5}''
(2) $ \qquad $ ``$\ldots$ have proven\cite{5} that this equation $\ldots$''
\noindent
This is done using the command: ``$\backslash$cite\{name\}''.
\vspace*{6pt}
\noindent
When the reference forms part of the sentence if should not
be superscripts, e.g.
(1) $ \qquad $ ``One can deduce from Ref.~\refcite{5} that $\ldots$''
(2) $ \qquad $ ``See Refs.~\refcite{1}--\refcite{3}, \refcite{5}
and \refcite{7} for more details.''
\noindent
This is done using the command: ``Ref.$\sim$$\backslash$refcite\{name\}''.
\section{Footnotes}
Footnotes should be numbered sequentially in superscript lowercase
roman letters.\footnote{Footnotes should be typeset in 8~pt Times
roman at the bottom of the page.}
\section*{Acknowledgements}
This section should come before the References and Appendices.
Funding information may also be included here.
\appendix
\section{Heading of Appendix}
Appendices should be used only when absolutely necessary. They
should come before the References. If there is more than one
appendix, number them alphabetically. Number displayed equations
occurring in the Appendix in this way, e.g.~(\ref{A1}), (A.2),
etc.
\begin{equation}
\mu(n, t) = {\sum^\infty_{i=1} 1(d_i < t, N(d_i) = n) \over
\int^t_{\sigma=0} 1(N(\sigma) = n)d\sigma}\,. \label{A1}
\end{equation}
\section{Heading of Another Appendix}
References are to be listed in the order cited in the text. Use
the style shown in the following examples. For journal names,
use the standard abbreviations. Typeset references in 9~pt Times
roman.
\section{Standard Abbreviations}
Here are some guidelines:
\begin{alphlist}[(d)]
\item Do not abbreviate the first word of any sentence:
$ \qquad $ ``Figure~2 shows us $\ldots.$''
\item Some abbreviation:
$ \qquad $ ` figure ' $ \, $ = $ \, $ ` Fig. '
$ \qquad $ ` figures ' $ \, $ = $ \, $ ` Figs. '
$ \qquad $ ` equation ' $ \, $ = $ \, $ ` Eq. '
$ \qquad $ ` equations ' $ \, $ = $ \, $ ` Eqs. '
$ \qquad $ ` Section~5 ' $ \, $ = $ \, $ ` Sec.~5 '
$ \qquad $ ` Sections~5 and 6 ' $ \, $ = $ \, $ ` Secs.~5 and 6 '
$ \qquad $ ` for example ' = ` e.g. '
\noindent
Note that the first letter is capitalized. There is also a dot.
\item When it is not appropriate, DO NOT abbreviate. Hence the word `Table'
is not abbreviated. We also do not write `Eq. of motion'.
\item Depends on authors' preference, sometimes ` Eq. ' and ` Eqs. '
are not used at all because it is understood that it is an equation.
For example,
\begin{center}
We can see a summation and an integration in (\ref{A1}).
\end{center}
\end{alphlist}
\section{Single Quotation and Double Quotations}
Use double quotation when possible so that there are fewer mix-ups with
differentiation and `prime'. For quotation within a
quotation you may use the single-quotation.
Open-quotation ` is located at the top left-hand corner of the keyboard.
Close-quotation ' is near the ENTER-key of the keyboard.
\begin{thebibliography}{0}
\bibitem{1} J. Callaway, {\it Phys. Rev.} {\bf B35}, 8723 (1987).
\bibitem{2} M. Tinkham, {\it Group Theory and Quantum Mechanics}
(McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964).
\bibitem{3} T. Tel, in {\it Experimental Study and Characterization
of Chaos}, ed. Hao Bailin (World Scientific, Singapore, 1990),
p.~149.
\bibitem{4} P. P. Edwards, in {\it Superconductivity and
Applications --- Proc. Taiwan Int. Symp. on Superconductivity},
ed.~P. T. Wu {\it et al.} (World Scientific, Singapore, 1989), pp.~29--35.
\bibitem{5} W. J. Johnson, Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, 1968.
\bibitem{6} P. F. Marteau and H. D. I. Arbabanel, ``Noise reduction in
chaotic time series using scaled probabilistic methods'',
UCSD/INLS preprint, October 1990.
\bibitem{7} J. I. Katz, ``The Ptolemaic Gamma-Ray Burst Universe '',
astro-ph/9204003.
\end{thebibliography}
\end{document}